Course Content
Institution of Suit?
In India, the institution of a suit refers to the formal process of initiating a legal action by filing a plaint in the appropriate court. It is the act of presenting the claim before the court and seeking a legal remedy. The plaintiff, through the plaint, sets out the facts, grounds, and reliefs sought in the case. The institution of a suit involves paying the requisite court fees, submitting the necessary documents, and complying with procedural requirements. Once the suit is properly instituted, the court acquires jurisdiction over the matter and the litigation process begins, leading to subsequent stages such as pleadings, discovery, trial, and judgment.
Summons in a civil case is a legal document issued by the court to notify a defendant of a lawsuit and instruct them to appear in court.
Appearance and Consequences Non-Appearance of Parties
Appearance and non-appearance of parties refers to their presence or absence in a legal proceeding. Parties may physically attend or be represented by legal counsel, signifying their active participation (appearance). Non-appearance occurs when parties are absent, which can have consequences such as dismissal or postponement of proceedings.
Civil Court Practice
About Lesson

Court fees refer to the monetary charges imposed by the judicial system for various legal proceedings. These fees are intended to cover administrative costs, support the functioning of the court system, and ensure access to justice.

They are typically levied on individuals or entities initiating legal actions or seeking specific court services. Court fees may vary depending on the jurisdiction, type of case, and the complexity of the legal matter.

They can include filing fees, docket fees, motion fees, and other expenses related to court proceedings. Court fees play a crucial role in financing the operations of the justice system and maintaining its independence and effectiveness.

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