In India, the institution of a suit refers to the formal process of initiating a legal action by filing a plaint in the appropriate court.
It is the act of presenting the claim before the court and seeking a legal remedy.
The plaintiff, through the plaint, sets out the facts, grounds, and reliefs sought in the case.
The institution of a suit involves paying the requisite court fees, submitting the necessary documents, and complying with procedural requirements.
Once the suit is properly instituted, the court acquires jurisdiction over the matter and the litigation process begins, leading to subsequent stages such as pleadings, discovery, trial, and judgment.