Course Content
Institution of Suit?
In India, the institution of a suit refers to the formal process of initiating a legal action by filing a plaint in the appropriate court. It is the act of presenting the claim before the court and seeking a legal remedy. The plaintiff, through the plaint, sets out the facts, grounds, and reliefs sought in the case. The institution of a suit involves paying the requisite court fees, submitting the necessary documents, and complying with procedural requirements. Once the suit is properly instituted, the court acquires jurisdiction over the matter and the litigation process begins, leading to subsequent stages such as pleadings, discovery, trial, and judgment.
Summons in a civil case is a legal document issued by the court to notify a defendant of a lawsuit and instruct them to appear in court.
Appearance and Consequences Non-Appearance of Parties
Appearance and non-appearance of parties refers to their presence or absence in a legal proceeding. Parties may physically attend or be represented by legal counsel, signifying their active participation (appearance). Non-appearance occurs when parties are absent, which can have consequences such as dismissal or postponement of proceedings.
Civil Court Practice
About Lesson

In a civil case in India, an advocate plays a crucial role in representing and advocating for the interests of their client.

The advocate assists the client in understanding the legal aspects of the case, prepares and files the necessary court documents, and presents arguments before the court.

They gather evidence, examine and cross-examine witnesses, and make legal submissions to support their client’s position.

Advocates are responsible for ensuring compliance with court procedures, presenting the case persuasively, and protecting the client’s rights and interests throughout the litigation process.

Their expertise and legal knowledge are vital in navigating the complexities of civil law and seeking a favorable outcome for their clients.

Join the conversation