Course Content
Institution of Suit?
In India, the institution of a suit refers to the formal process of initiating a legal action by filing a plaint in the appropriate court. It is the act of presenting the claim before the court and seeking a legal remedy. The plaintiff, through the plaint, sets out the facts, grounds, and reliefs sought in the case. The institution of a suit involves paying the requisite court fees, submitting the necessary documents, and complying with procedural requirements. Once the suit is properly instituted, the court acquires jurisdiction over the matter and the litigation process begins, leading to subsequent stages such as pleadings, discovery, trial, and judgment.
Summons in a civil case is a legal document issued by the court to notify a defendant of a lawsuit and instruct them to appear in court.
Appearance and Consequences Non-Appearance of Parties
Appearance and non-appearance of parties refers to their presence or absence in a legal proceeding. Parties may physically attend or be represented by legal counsel, signifying their active participation (appearance). Non-appearance occurs when parties are absent, which can have consequences such as dismissal or postponement of proceedings.
Civil Court Practice
About Lesson

Vakalatnama is a legal term used in India and other countries to refer to a document that authorizes an advocate or lawyer to act on behalf of a client in a legal matter.

It is a power of attorney specifically used in legal proceedings. When a person engages the services of an advocate or lawyer to represent them in a case, they sign a vakalatnama, granting the lawyer the authority to represent their interests, appear in court, file documents, argue on their behalf, and undertake other necessary legal actions in relation to the case.

The vakalatnama establishes the lawyer-client relationship and empowers the advocate to act as the client’s legal representative.

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